为唤起全民对睡眠重要性的认识，2001年，国际精神卫生和神经科学基金会主办的全球睡眠和健康计划发起了一项全球性的活动，将每年初春的第一天—3月21日定为“世界睡眠日”。此项活动的重点在于引起人们对睡眠重要性和睡眠质量的关注。“世界睡眠日”之所以定在每年初春第一天，是因为季节变换的周期性和睡眠的昼夜交替规律都与我们的日常生活息息相关。 2003年中国睡眠研究会把“世界睡眠日” 正式引入中国。
In order to arouse the universal recognition of the importance of sleep, 2001, international mental health and neural science foundation sponsored global sleep and health plan launched a global activities, will be the first day of spring every year - March 21 as "world sleep day". This activity focused on cause people sleep on the importance and sleep quality attention. "The world," is set in sleep, because every year on the first day of spring the seasons change periodic and sleep alternating laws of day and night with our daily life. The sleep council in 2003 China "world sleeping day" formally introduced to China.
Entering the 21st century new technology era, people's health consciousness unprecedented increase, "healthy can have everything" new concept and thorough popular feeling, so related to sleep problems aroused the attention of international society. According to the world health organization for 14 countries 25916 15 region name in basic-level medical clinic of survey and found that have patients have problems sleeping 27% of men, with reports of American insomnia as 32 ~ 50% incidence, Britain, Japan 10 ~ 14 percent in China, France, 20% 30% in more than 30%, 50% of the students are lack of sleep. Sleep disorders of the quality of life in negative impact, but quite a lot of patients did not receive the reasonable diagnosis and treatment. Sleep disorders has become a threat to world public prominent problems.