鳡（Elopichthys bambusa）属鲤形目，鲤科，雅罗鱼亚科，鳡属。俗称：黄鱄、黄钻、黄颊鱼、竿鱼、水老虎、大口鳡、鳏。英文名：Yellowcheck carp 。其体细长，亚圆筒形，头尖长。吻尖，呈喙状。口大，端位，下颌前端正中有一坚硬突起与上颌凹陷处相嵌合。无须，眼小，稍突出。下咽齿3行，齿末端呈钩状。鳞细小。背鳍较小，其起点位于腹鳍之后；尾鳍分叉很深。体背灰褐色，腹部银白色，背鳍、尾鳍深灰色，颊部及其它各鳍淡黄色。
Class, once to have a by their pursuit of the typical of the escape predators, predatory fish. Sexual maturity for 3-4 age, mother in four to six months in rivers and stream spawn. Juvenile fish swam into rivers and lakes in from ingestion, affiliated after puberty, qiu, young fish and keeping the depths of main river again to winter. After growing very rapidly, sexual maturity at continues to increase, the biggest individual for 2 meters, weight of up to 60 kg. Distribution in China widely, from north to south plains in each stream all the fish. Rapidly growing, 2 age kilograms of fish weight. Natural high output, and for rivers and lakes one of the large economic fishes. But because of massive swallowed other economic fish, and is regarded as the "against fish" breeding list. Its sweet-meated has been listed in the large classy, edible fish. Every 100 grams of edible part contain protein 18.1-20.8 grams, fat 1.3-5.4 grams, heat 84-132 kilocalorie, 11-24 milligrams of calcium, phosphorus, iron 144-203 milligrams of 0.7 mg, thiamin 0.04 mg, lactoflavin 0.15 mg, Nick acid 1.7 milligrams. The meat medicine with warm, with fresh, benefit stomach, check the efficacy of spleen, attending ou frail, stomach vomit feed etc disease, appropriate service.
Body slender cylindrical, head, and pointed long. Kiss, a beak pointed swelling. Mouth big, end a, jaw front-end midline have a hard protuberant and maxillary dent phase chimeric. No, the eye is small, slightly outstanding. Swallow tooth 3 lines, tooth ends in a hooked. Small scale. Dorsal fin, its starting point is located in smaller after; Caudal bifurcate deep. Body back beige, abdominal silvery white, fin, caudal 30.39% and other dark gray, the pale yellow fins. Living in rivers and lakes, distribution of upper reallybroad, our country from north to south plains in each stream all the fish. Sexual maturity for 3-4 age, keeping in four to six months in rivers and stream spawn. Juvenile fish swam into rivers and lakes in from ingestion, affiliated after puberty, qiu, young fish and keeping the depths of main river again to winter. After growing very rapidly, sexual maturity at continues to increase, the biggest individual for 2 meters, weight of up to 60 kg.