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鳡鱼介绍

来源:中文翻译英文 作者:英语在线翻译 时间:2011-03-26 阅读:

鳡(Elopichthys bambusa)属鲤形目,鲤科,雅罗鱼亚科,鳡属。俗称:黄鱄、黄钻、黄颊鱼、竿鱼、水老虎、大口鳡、鳏。英文名:Yellowcheck carp 。其体细长,亚圆筒形,头尖长。吻尖,呈喙状。口大,端位,下颌前端正中有一坚硬突起与上颌凹陷处相嵌合。无须,眼小,稍突出。下咽齿3行,齿末端呈钩状。鳞细小。背鳍较小,其起点位于腹鳍之后;尾鳍分叉很深。体背灰褐色,腹部银白色,背鳍、尾鳍深灰色,颊部及其它各鳍淡黄色。

生活在江河、湖泊的中上层。游泳力极强,性凶猛,行动敏捷,常袭击和追捕其它鱼

  

类,一旦受其追击就难有逃脱者,属典型的掠食性鱼类。性成熟为3-4龄,亲鱼于4-6月在江河激流中产卵。幼鱼从江河游入附属湖泊中摄食、肥育,秋末以后,幼鱼和成鱼又到干流的河床深处越冬。生长十分迅速,性成熟以后,体长还在持续增加,最大个体长达2米,重可达60公斤。 分布甚广,我国自北至南的平原地区各水系皆产此鱼。生长迅速,2龄鱼体重3.5公斤。天然产量高,为江河、湖泊中的大型经济鱼类之一。但因大量吞食其它经济鱼类,又被视为养殖业中的“害鱼”之首。其肉质鲜美,一向被列入大型上等食用鱼类。每百克可食部分含蛋白质18.1-20.8克,脂肪1.3-5.4克,热量84-132千卡,钙11-24毫克,磷144-203毫克,铁0.7毫克,硫胺素0.04毫克,核黄素0.15毫克,尼克酸1.7毫克。其肉入药鲜用,具有暖中、益胃、止呕的功效,主治脾胃虚弱、反胃吐食等症,宜常服。

Class, once to have a by their pursuit of the typical of the escape predators, predatory fish. Sexual maturity for 3-4 age, mother in four to six months in rivers and stream spawn. Juvenile fish swam into rivers and lakes in from ingestion, affiliated after puberty, qiu, young fish and keeping the depths of main river again to winter. After growing very rapidly, sexual maturity at continues to increase, the biggest individual for 2 meters, weight of up to 60 kg. Distribution in China widely, from north to south plains in each stream all the fish. Rapidly growing, 2 age kilograms of fish weight. Natural high output, and for rivers and lakes one of the large economic fishes. But because of massive swallowed other economic fish, and is regarded as the "against fish" breeding list. Its sweet-meated has been listed in the large classy, edible fish. Every 100 grams of edible part contain protein 18.1-20.8 grams, fat 1.3-5.4 grams, heat 84-132 kilocalorie, 11-24 milligrams of calcium, phosphorus, iron 144-203 milligrams of 0.7 mg, thiamin 0.04 mg, lactoflavin 0.15 mg, Nick acid 1.7 milligrams. The meat medicine with warm, with fresh, benefit stomach, check the efficacy of spleen, attending ou frail, stomach vomit feed etc disease, appropriate service.

 

  

体细长,亚圆筒形,头尖长。吻尖,呈喙状。口大,端位,下颌前端正中有一坚硬突起与上颌凹陷处相嵌合。无须,眼小,稍突出。下咽齿3行,齿末端呈钩状。鳞细小。背鳍较小,其起点位于腹鳍之后;尾鳍分叉很深。体背灰褐色,腹部银白色,背鳍、尾鳍深灰色,颊部及其它各鳍淡黄色。 生活在江河、湖泊的中上层,分布甚广,我国自北至南的平原地区各水系皆产此鱼。性成熟为3-4龄,成鱼于4-6月在江河激流中产卵。幼鱼从江河游入附属湖泊中摄食、肥育,秋末以后,幼鱼和成鱼又到干流的河床深处越冬。生长十分迅速,性成熟以后,体长还在持续增加,最大个体长达2米,重可达60公斤。

Body slender cylindrical, head, and pointed long. Kiss, a beak pointed swelling. Mouth big, end a, jaw front-end midline have a hard protuberant and maxillary dent phase chimeric. No, the eye is small, slightly outstanding. Swallow tooth 3 lines, tooth ends in a hooked. Small scale. Dorsal fin, its starting point is located in smaller after; Caudal bifurcate deep. Body back beige, abdominal silvery white, fin, caudal 30.39% and other dark gray, the pale yellow fins. Living in rivers and lakes, distribution of upper reallybroad, our country from north to south plains in each stream all the fish. Sexual maturity for 3-4 age, keeping in four to six months in rivers and stream spawn. Juvenile fish swam into rivers and lakes in from ingestion, affiliated after puberty, qiu, young fish and keeping the depths of main river again to winter. After growing very rapidly, sexual maturity at continues to increase, the biggest individual for 2 meters, weight of up to 60 kg.

 

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